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Title: The calculation of physicochemical descriptors and their application in predicting properties of drugs and other compounds
Author: Le, Joelle
ISNI:       0000 0001 3606 3896
Awarding Body: University of London
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 2001
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The work presented may be divided into two main sections: The first section focuses on the important aspect of compound descriptor determination. The method by which descriptors are obtained indirectly through compound solubility in organic solvents and direct water-solvent partition measurements is illustrated by example for drug compounds. This approach is extended through the derivation of gas-water and water-solvent partition equations for the n-alcohols which in the future will be available for use in descriptor determination. Importantly, the equation coefficients are also interpreted to deduce various physicochemical properties of the homologous series of alcohols. An alternative method to assign descriptors is probed through reversed-phase HPLC. Measurements are recorded for a series of solutes on several bonded phases and multivariate analysis is used to investigate the interrelationship between columns in an effort to isolate the most suitable phases. The second section is concerned with application of the Abraham General Solvation Equation to examine processes of special interest in drug design; aqueous solubility and intestinal absorption. An algorithm to predict water solubility is obtained containing an additional cross-term which is found to compensate at least partly for a melting point correction term. The amended equation is shown to be comparable in accuracy to commercially available packages for a test set of 268 structurally diverse compounds. Of further importance in drug delivery is the process of intestinal absorption. An extensive literature search provides evaluated absorption data for a large set of drug compounds and forms a strong basis for subsequent QSAR analysis. Intestinal absorption is found to be comparable in humans and rat, and predominantly dependent on the hydrogen-bonding capability of the drug. The mechanism of absorption is considered through transformation of the percent absorption data to an overall rate constant.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Pharmacology & pharmacy & pharmaceutical chemistry