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Title: The influences of large woody debris on British headwater streams.
Author: Linstead, Conor.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3610 7692
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 1999
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This thesis examines the influence of large woody debris (LWD) on the physical habitat of British headwater streams. The distribution and density of LWD accumulations throughout catchments is considered using data from the River Habitat Survey (RHS) and more detailed catchment scale surveys. The effect of accumulations of LWD on stream hydraulics and physical habitat at a reach scale is examined using transect based measurements of depth and velocity over a range of discharges before and after LWD removal for two reaches, measurement of reach average hydraulic parameters for 25 reaches with differing levels of LWD and the application of the Aggregated Dead Zone (ADZ) and Physical Habitat Simulation (PHABSIM) models. The RHS and catchment scale surveys showed that LWD accumulations exhibit systematic patterns in abundance within catchments, smaller streams having a higher density of LWD and a greater number of LWD accumulations. The most hydraulically active type of LWD accumulations were found to reduce flow velocity by an average of 55%, increase channel roughness by 149% and increase depth by 165%. This impact was, however, found to vary with discharge. Application of the Aggregated Dead Zone (ADZ) model showed that LWD increases the volume of ADZ, which may indicate greater ecological refuge potential. Using the Physical Habitat Simulation (PHABSIM) model, it was found that LWD improved habitat quality and overall habitat diversity.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Hydro-ecology; Physical habitat modelling