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Title: A modelling and remote sensing study of Antarctic icebergs.
Author: Gladstone, Rupert.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3500 689X
Awarding Body: University of East Anglia
Current Institution: University of East Anglia
Date of Award: 2001
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This is the first large-scale modelling study of iceberg trajectories and melt rates in the Southern Ocean. An iceberg model _ was seeded with climatological iceberg calving rates based on a calculation of the net surface accumulation from each snow catchment area on the Antarctic continent. In most areas modelled trajectories show good agreement with observed patterns of iceberg motion, though discrepancies in the Weddell Sea have highlighted problems in the ocean general circulation model output used to force the iceberg model. The Coriolis force is found to be important in keeping bergs entrained in the coastal current around Antarctica, and topographic features are important in causing bergs to depart from the coastal regions. The modelled geographic distribution of iceberg meltwater joining the ocean has been calculated, and is found in many near coastal regions to be comparable in magnitude to the excess of precipitation over evaporation (P-E). A remote sensing study of icebergs has been carried out in two locations in the Weddell Sea using SAR. This study has, for the first time, been able to calculate iceberg fluxes from satellite. The southwestwards flux of icebergs within 20 km of the coast at around 18°W, based on a one month period of observations, has been calculated at 50 to 70 Gta-1 (1Gt = 1012kg). This is 4 to 5% of the total iceberg discharge from Antarctica. The question of Antarctic mass balance is considered through comparison of modelresults and observations. Although a conclusion is not reached here, plans are presented for an iceberg observing programme and further model development which could resolve the problem
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Trajectories; Melt rates; Meltwater