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Title: The transformation of a pastoral economy : Bedouin and states in Northern Arabia, 1850-1950
Author: Toth, Anthony B.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3535 5256
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 2000
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This thesis analyses economic change among the bedouin of northern Arabia by examining four factors: the trade in camels; intertribal raiding; large-scale attacks by the Akhwan (Ikhwan); and trade and smuggling. Many writers have assumed that the sale or hiring out of camels for transport by camel-herding tribes was their main source of income, and that the spread of modern transportation caused a decline in the demand for camels, resulting in lower prices for the animals and an economic crisis for the bedouin. The well-documented case-studies in this thesis demonstrate that this assumption is flawed. The bedouin economy was more complex than the portrayals in many sources, and the reasons for economic hardship and political decline among the camel-herding tribes are more varied. In the story of how the wheel overcame the camel, it is clear that while transportation technology had some effect, even more important were such factors as drought, the rise of new states, colonial policies, intertribal politics and the varied factors pulling nomadic peoples to become sedentary.
Supervisor: Rogan, Eugene Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Bedouin ; Bedouin economy ; Economic history ; Camels ; Camel trade ; Arabia ; Kuwait ; Iraq ; Raiding ; Ikhwan ; Nomadism