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Title: Physiological and sensory influences on food intake in learnt satiety.
Author: Dibsdall, Louise Anne.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3423 7995
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 2000
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This Thesis examined the contributions of gastrointestinal and/or sensory influences to the control of food intake in everyday life. The postingestional effects at first exposure to an unfamiliar variant of a familiar food were measured by correcting the observed satiating effects with what the eater expected them to be. Physical forms of fat or chemical compositions of carbohydrate in familiar foods differed in the timing of these postingestional satiating effects. Cream, which is hypothesised to empty rapidly from the stomach into the intestine, satiated rapidly but transiently. Conversely, oil that was liable to separation in the stomach produced a delayed and more prolonged satiating effect. Learning about the postprandial effects of foods containing unfamiliar levels of a form of nutrient occurred at first exposure to the after-effects of that variant: that is, sensory recognition of that variant at the second exposure resulted in participants' predictions of its satiating effect becoming more realistic. A more prolonged satiating effect was expected from yoghurts containing a higher amount of fat. At the same time, repeated exposure to a particular flavour of yoghurt induced more accurate predictions of the postprandial effects of the amount of fat associated with that flavour. Expected duration of hunger suppression by familiar and identifiable foods was related to some extent to the observed differences in the duration of postingestional satiating effects of a particular nutrient preparation. Pasta with an oily salad dressing was believed to satiate the eater for longer than a pasta with a creamy salad dressing. Breakfast cereal labelled as high in fibre was expected to produce a more prolonged satiating effect than protein and so on in order for starch, fat or sugar. These differences in expected postingestional satiating after-effects of a food or meal may contribute to the planning of meal contents and perhaps timing. Unexpected timing of a meal or a `surprise' in the postingestional effects of a food altered the composition of the next meal of another sort from the participant's usual choice towards one giving the appropriate after-effects.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Gastrointestinal; Satiating; Postingestional