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Title: System architecture for real time power management
Author: Thomas, Kevin P.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3523 0234
Awarding Body: University of Bristol
Current Institution: University of Bristol
Date of Award: 1996
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A major characteristic of aircraft evolution is the rapid growth in the electrical and electronic content of each subsequenat ircraft generation.T he dominant technology used in an aircraft electrical power distribution network to switch power and to protect the aircraft wiring from hazardous electrical faults is the electro-mechanical relay switch and the electro-thermal circuit breaker. Despite the maturity of these devices they do however suffer from a number of problems relating to reliability, accuracy, and limited operational lifetime. The design, fabrication and testing of a novel Solid State Power Controller (SSPC) is described. The design uses power MOSFET's to provide both the power switching operation of a relay, and the power interruption capability of a circuit breaker. The majority of the control functions required by this device are performed digitally by virtue of a real time program executed on an embedded microcontroller. A number of methods are derived for characterising existing I2t wire protection trip response curves. Reproduction of a true 1 2t trip response in real time using iterative computational methods is described. An examination of the semiconductor thermal characteristics was undertaken. The methods adopted for extracting the power semiconductor thermal response involved direct measurement using infrared thermal imaging techniques and simulation using a computer based modelling tool. Knowledge of the semiconductor die temperature is of vital importance in the context of the overall protection strategy. A finite difference calculation performed in real time has been demonstrated as a viable method to predict the operational temperature of the MOSFET power switching devices used in the design
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Thermal estimation ; Power controllers ; Aircraft