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Title: The effects of the Norman Conquest on North West England : with particular reference to the Honors of Hornby and Burton-in-Lonsdale.
Author: Higham, Mary Catherine.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3556 2765
Awarding Body: University of Lancaster
Current Institution: Lancaster University
Date of Award: 1992
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The medieval historical geography of the North-West requires a multi-disciplinary approach, and this work, which concentrates on the Honor of Hornby (Lancashire) and the Honor of Burton-in-Lonsdale (Yorkshire) uses both recorded and new archaeological material, together with the analysis of place-name, documentary and landscape evidence to evaluate the effects of the Norman Conquest on the area. The first section examines the physical evidence for initial control, and includes both evidence for new motte sites and a reappraisal of the significance of the disposition of this class of monument in the North West. The Domesday record for both 1066 and 1086 is examined, together with a detailed study of both landscape and place-names which strongly suggest that boundaries of estates such as the Honor of Burton-in-Lonsdale, newly created in the 12th-century, were firmly based on territorial units which existed several centuries earlier. The extent of lands designated 'Forest' within the two Honors is established and their exploitation is discussed. The precise location and extent of monastic estates obtained by the (i) geographical identification of boundaries detailed in charters has enabled new ideas to be promulgated regarding monastic exploitation of the uplands, suggesting continuity of already established land-use rather than colonisation of virgin territory. Financial rewards obtained from borough and other franchises are identified, with lordly monopolies resulting from the importation of continental technological ideas also examined. The hitherto unrecognised evidence surviving in the landscape for medieval woollen and linen textile industries is discussed and criteria for the identification of medieval flax-retting systems from place-name and/or archaeological evidence are set out. The Norman lords of Hornby and Burton-in-Lonsdale obviously acquired status symbols seen by them as appropriate to their ,rank. They did not, however, seek to transform the area, with estates, customs and agricultural practice established in the pre-Conquest period surviving in recognisable form for centuries after 1066.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: History