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Title: Politics and religion in Exeter 1635-1660
Author: Kittermaster, A. J.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3600 6293
Awarding Body: University of Exeter
Current Institution: University of Exeter
Date of Award: 1985
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In the mid-seventeenth century Exeter was the foremost city in the south west, with a population of about 10,000. Its economy was founded chiefly on the wool and cloth trades. Exeter's geographical pOSition made it an ideal distribution point for goods going to and coming from the continent, but it was also an important area for the finishing processes of the cloth industry. The city'S wealthiest inhabitants were mostly merchants who dominated Exeter politically through membership of the Corporation. The penetration of puritanism in the late Elizabethan and early Stuart era, a long history of conflict between the Corporation and the Cathedral clergy, as well as of hostility to the policies of Charles I during the 11 years 'tyranny', were among the main reasons which led the city to side with Parliament at the beginning of the civil war. In 1643 after some fierce fighting it surendered to the Royalists and was held by them until 1646 when Parliament'S forces led by Sir Thomas Fairfax recaptured it. The presence of a garrison was increasingly resented after 1647, and the presbyterian majority in the Corporation gradually lost faith in governments in the 1650s without ever openly resisting them. The threat of a continuance of military government and the collapse of trade in 1659-1660 was enough to ensure that the return of Charles II was generally welcomed.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: History