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Title: Military government, commitment to development and manifest achievements : An analysis of operational issues related to Somalia's development strategy.
Author: Samater, M.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3548 0436
Awarding Body: University of Sussex
Current Institution: University of Sussex
Date of Award: 1984
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This thesis'examines the role of the Somali Military in national development with broader implications on linkages between militarism and national development. The case of Somalia's Military Government is seen in (1) the wider perspective of important underlying social dynamism. We examine the role of the Military as organised force, political programme and ideology of its leaders, its consequences in determining the balance of power between'groups and the complexion of the Government. (2) We assess their influence on public management, resource allocation and utilization with implications for the way national planning is conceived and carried out. (3) We identify and elaborate issues that lie behind the increasingly evident failure of Somalia's Socialist policies to achieve the intended rapid development. We argue that attempts to evolve institutions peculiar to Somali setting was futile. Scientific Socialism remained alien and unacceptable. It did not involve an indigenous solution to developing the capacity to guide change and authenticity in assimilating relevant development patterns. It is viewed as crea.ting some additional, self-imposed economic constraints in an already unfavourable economic environment, compounding existing situation of inadequacy and merely blocking off a range of possible policies. The broad spectrum of widening Government activities required ' enlarged public management and a more sophisticated and efficient approach to planning, control and general development operations. However, the Military Government's first priority went to politica.! consolidation - a drive on ideological homogeneity, economic reward to friends and punishment of political foes,etc. Thus caught between the milestones of political expediency and economic rationality, essential strategy towards the establishment of an equilibrium between social forces and economic realities was never evolved. The dilemma in which the }lilitary Government now finds itself is explained in the context of the growing gap between the nation's progress as perceived by Military rhetoric on one hand and real development on the other. Translation of policies into action thus tended to lag and the results achieved are disproportionate to time, effort and resources used. Close examination of the current situation shows worrying signs of political ambiguity, increasing economic difficulties and ideological confusion. Finally there is little planning now and no planning for the future. The Military is muddling through for the moment while the problems ahead 100m large.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Political science