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Title: Intermediate scale NMR imaging
Author: Bushell, Mary-Clare
ISNI:       0000 0000 7765 8637
Awarding Body: University of Surrey
Current Institution: University of Surrey
Date of Award: 1985
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The design, construction and calibration of an intermediate scale NMR imaging system is described. The system is based on a 7" diameter, room temperature bore superconducting magnet at a field of 0.4T. Using selective excitation and projection reconstruction techniques, the production of density, spin-lattice and spin-spin relaxation weighted images has been achieved. An investigation of the feasibility of in-vivo tissue characterisation using NMR parameters has been carried out. Tissue characterisation using healthy animals of different ages, sex and species has shown that characterisation with the NMR parameters of T1** and T2** is feasible on a given system, where 1/T1** and 1/T2** are the spin-lattice and spin-spin relaxation rates calculated from the images assuming these rates to be mono-exponential. It is shown that the scatter in results which previously was believed by other authors to be due to biological variation is in fact due to experimentation and instrumentation, and that the biological limit has yet to be reached. The successful employment of quantitative characterisation in the observation and monitoring of diseased states is illustrated by two examples. The first shows the growth of a tumour and the second uses T1* to observe the effect of toxic drugs on the kidney. In the latter case, little evidence of damage was visible on the image. Following characterisation, it is demonstrated that it is possible to optimise an imaging sequence by careful selection of the timing parameters. Optimisation of the sequences used in this work gave an increase of upto a factor of two in the signal-to-noise ratio and increased the accuracy of the relaxation rate evaluation. Finally, a technique for obtaining a map of the spatial distribution of the molecular translational diffusion coefficient together with perfusion and flow information has been developed. These parameters may well enhance the contrast as well as providing new information on the biological system.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Nuclear magnetic resonance