Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Precipitation reactions in the tungsten-nickel-iron heavy alloy system
Author: Posthill, J. B.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3496 8077
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 1983
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Full text unavailable from EThOS. Please try the link below.
Access from Institution:
This research is concerned with identifying and characterizing four solid-state precipitation reactions in the W-Ni-Fe system that can be induced by appropriate heat treatments. Previous work in this area is reviewed, and a general overview of the research on this system that may, directly or indirectly, further the understanding of microstructure/mechanical property relationships in the W-Ni-Fe heavy alloy is presented. The many metallographic and analytical techniques that have been employed in the course of this investigation are also briefly reviewed. The specific precipitation reactions studied in the 90W-5Ni-5Fe heavy alloy are listed and briefly described. Interfacial precipitation - interfacial precipitates at the W-andgamma; and andgamma;-andgamma; boundaries were found to be andeta;-carbides. This morphology is expected to severely embrittle the alloy. Matrix-phase precipitation - discontinuous precipitation of W was observed in the matrix region. W-W grain boundary precipitation - W-W grain boundary allotriomorphs (andgamma;-phase) were identified and characterized. W-phase precipitation hardening - fine scale precipitation in the W-phase was found to strengthen the alloy. Deformation prior to aging significantly increased the rate of precipitate nucleation. TEM contrast analysis showed the precipitates to be plate-like with a {100} habit plane, and the strain in the W lattice normal to the precipitates was found to be tensile in nature. Matrix-composition alloys were manufactured to simulate the andgamma;-phase in the 90W-5Ni-5Fe alloy. Metallographic observations of these alloys furthered the understanding of reactions 1) and 2) above. These results are discussed in terms of (a) current theories of solid-state precipitation and (b) the influence of the various morphologies on mechanical properties.
Supervisor: Edmonds, D. V. Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Precipitation (Chemistry) ; Alloys ; Tungsten alloys ; Nickel alloys ; Iron alloys