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Title: Transposon-encoded site-specific recombination
Author: Symington, Lorraine S.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3494 6249
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 1982
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The closely related transposable elements, Tn3 and , share significant DNA sequence homology and functional organization. These elements have been shown to encode interchangeable resolvase proteins to mediate resolution of obligatory transpositional cointegrates. There is no apparent complementation between these elements for the tnpA gene function. To analyze the mechanism of resolvase-mediated recombination, the Tn3-encoded tnpR gene was cloned into a high expression plasmid vector. This allowed large amounts of resolvase to be synthesized, thus aiding purification of the protein. The purified protein was subsequently used for biochemical analysis of the resolution reaction and for DNase I footprinting experiments. A number of small plasmid substrates were constructed containing two res sites in direct or inverted orientation. In vitro resolution reactions were assayed by gel electrophoresis to detect the formation of interlocked circles (catenates) which appeared to be the major reaction product. The resolution reaction requires only resolvase and a supercoiled substrate containing two directly repeated sites, under the appropriate ionic conditions; the reaction is independent of host factors or an external energy supply. Catenates are always formed during resolution suggesting that this may be a direct consequence of the reaction mechanism" Substrates containing varying lengths of DNA separating res sites have differing efficiencies of resolution in vitro, the reaction proceeds with greatest efficiency when the length of DNA between (vii) res sites is least . This data, in conjunction with the observed preference for two directly repeated ves sites in cis, has led to the proposal of a "tracking" model for resolvase-mediated recombination. Resolvase has been shown to bind specifically and nonspecifically to DNA. Specific binding, resulting from tight association of resolvase with the target site, was investigated by sequence protection from DNase I. This revealed three binding sites for resolvase within the res region. The sequences of the protected sites conform to the consensus sequence proposed for other regulatory DNA binding proteins.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Biochemistry