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Title: 'Laurels don't come for the asking' : Oscar Wilde's career as a professional journalist
Author: Clayworth, Anya Louise
ISNI:       0000 0004 2666 3830
Awarding Body: University of Birmingham
Current Institution: University of Birmingham
Date of Award: 1996
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The aim of this thesis is to discuss an aspect of Oscar Wilde's writing career which has hitherto been mischaracterised: his journalism. The central argument is that Wilde's career as a journalist gave him the professional skills which ensured that his work in the 1890s was both successful and lucrative. Chapter I considers the economic changes which defined the literary marketplace in the nineteenth-century and assesses the rapid expansion of journalism as a profession. Chapter II places Wilde's career in context of these changes in the writing profession and discusses his entry into full-time journalism; in particular it evaluates his editorship of The Woman's World. Chapter III examines another aspect of Wilde's journalism; his translation of 'A Fire at Sea' by Ivan Sergeevitch Turgenev. This translation is linked to a more general discussion of Wilde and his publishers. Chapter IV investigates Wilde's use of the review form and compares a hitherto unpublished draft of a review by Wilde, 'Amiel and Lord Beaconsfield' with published review work. Chapter V discusses Wilde's published journalism, looking particularly at his treatment of ideas and his rhetorical strategies in his unsigned reviews for the Pall Mall Gazette. Chapter VI considers Wilde's work in the period 1889-1891 and discusses the ways in which the success of this work was made possible by his experience as a journalist. The appendices of the thesis reproduce collated and annotated versions of 'A Fire at Sea' and 'Amiel and Lord Beaconsfield' as discussed in the main body of the thesis. Each version takes account of the main stemma for each text. There is also a reproduction of the original French version of 'A Fire at Sea'.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Journalism