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Title: Study of spacecraft attitude determination from phase information of GPS signals
Author: Purivigraipong, S.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3502 9952
Awarding Body: University of Surrey
Current Institution: University of Surrey
Date of Award: 2000
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In this research study, several new algorithms are developed to achieve spacecraft attitude determination from carrier phase information of GPS (Global Positioning System) signals. The first focus is on resolving integer ambiguity in carrier phase difference measurements. A newly developed algorithm based on Gram-Schmidt Orthonormalisation (GSO) is proposed for medium length baseline observations. Using this newly developed attitude algorithm from vector observations, an instantaneous estimated attitude solution is obtained, which we call 'coarse attitude', from only four phase measurements collected from only two baseline observations. Then a 'fine' attitude solution from all phase measurements is estimated, using a sophisticated Kalman filtering estimator, once integer ambiguity has been resolved. The second focus is on estimating the relative phase offset error (line bias) in carrier phase difference measurements. A newly developed block bias search is proposed which finds an initially plausible solution of line bias for each individual baseline. The line bias from all phase measurements collected from each individual baseline is then re-estimated using a developed recursive least squares (RLS) estimator. A newly developed parallel architecture GPS receiver is being flown on the UoSat-12 minisatellite, with the capability for simultaneous measurements from 24 channels for attitude sensing. The final goal of this research study was to apply the developed algorithms to real GPS data, and a number of data files of phase differences of GPS signals logged on UoSat-12 were tested. Independent ADCS (Attitude Determination and Control System) data was used for the reference attitude determination. The results show that an instantaneous attitude error less than 4 degrees is achieved during coarse attitude acquisition, relative to the reference ADCS system. When all measurements are processed during fine attitude tracking, the error in attitude estimation is reduced to one degree error (1 sigma RMS), without any error mitigation for multipath, relative to the reference ADCS system.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Global positioning systems