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Title: Colonial genocides : Aborigines in Queensland, 1840-1897, and Hereros in South West Africa, 1884-1906.
Author: Palmer, Alison Elizabeth.
ISNI:       0000 0000 6321 0225
Awarding Body: University of London
Current Institution: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Date of Award: 1993
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Studies of genocide rarely move beyond the Holocaust (1939-1945) and the Aimenian genocide (1915-1917), and few make comparative analyses ofdifferentcases. This study seeks to develop understanding of which economic, political and social conditions give rise to a specific type of genocide - colonial genocides. An in depth study is made of the genocide of Aborigines in Queensland (1840-1897) and this is systematically compared to a briefer study of the genocide of the Hereros in South West Africa (1884-1906). Of the factors compared, four are verified by both cases, albeit with certain modifications. A common argument is made that genocide is preempted where the victim group is needed as labour for the perpetrator society. Neither case supported this factor: rather, it was found that the genocide continued despite this need. Whilst these factors provided necessary conditions for genocide, they were not sufficient to explain why genocide had been pursued rather than policies of assimilation or expulsion. Hence the role of ideologies and popular perceptions in Britain and Germany, and their colonial purposes, were examined to explain their different roles in the genocides. The particular forms of ideologies and popular perceptions were found to be significant as were changing international relations within Europe. The seventh factor - that genocide might be preempted where the church or state of the perpetrator homeland intervened, was also invalidated by the case studies. The problem of defining genocide is also addressed. The thesis demonstrates that the issue of perpetrator intention to commit genocide can be measured. It draws distinctions between overt and covert perpetrator intention; genocides in which the state is an active perpetrator and those where it has a complicit, less obvious role; and between a piecemeal form of genocide occurring over a long period, and a systematic genocide in a shorter time spell. The conclusions drawn from the case studies are briefly contrasted to explanations arising from the main European cases of genocide. By underlining the differences, the thesis demonstrates that colonial genocides are a distinct type of genocide and point to a non- Eurocentric approach to understanding genocide.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: History