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Title: The role of indigenous woody species in 'farmer-led' agricultural change in south east Nigeria, West Africa
Author: Dunn, Justine
Awarding Body: SOAS University of London
Current Institution: SOAS, University of London
Date of Award: 1996
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This thesis examines the role of indigenous woody species in 'farmer-led' agricultural change in south east Nigeria. The study, carried out in parts of Cross River State and Akwa Ibom State, is set in the context of the recent trend among development professionals to stress the use of indigenous species and local knowledge in future development projects. Emphasising throughout the use of both indigenous knowledge and indigenous woody species, as well as participatory research techniques, the study comprised three main stages. The first stage was the selection of three study villages in different agroecological zones, one in a heavily forested area, one in a derived savanna area, and one in an area with little natural 'bush' remaining. Social surveys were carried out in the study villages to collect information concerning agricultural methods and problems, and the local use of woody species. The ethnobotanical results from this survey were documented and analysed, and the results were used in an examination of the impact of population density on the development of local natural resource management systems and indigenous agricultural innovation. Secondly, four indigenous woody species were selected in conjunction with the local communities, namely; Albizia zygia, Dialium guineense, Ridnodendron heudelotii and Uvaria chamae. A botanical study, including germination and growth trials in Calabar and phenological observations in the field, was conducted in relation to these four species. Finally, using the data collected during the social surveys, field trials and observations, an attempt was made to work with the villagers to develop ways in which some of the most pressing agricultural problems could be addressed using local knowledge and resources. As a result, a framework was developed for use in future rural development projects in the region, in an attempt to contribute to the current move by development professionals towards fuller community participation. Key words: agroforestry, indigenous woody species, 'farmer-led' innovation, germination trials, phenology, Albizia zygia, Dialium guineense, Ricinodendron heudelotii, Uvaria chamae, community participation, south east Nigeria.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: Agroforestry