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Title: Langmuir probe measurements in the divertor plasma of the JET tokamak.
Author: Monk, Raymond David.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3414 8546
Awarding Body: Royal Holloway, University of London
Current Institution: Royal Holloway, University of London
Date of Award: 1996
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This thesis describes the design and application of a new array of Langmuir probes to measure the plasma parameters in the divertor region of the Joint European Torus (JET) tokamak. A novel probe tip design was developed to withstand the high heat fluxes in the divertor region following thermal analysis and beam tests to identify the most suitable material. The probes operate in the "very strong magnetic field" regime with a large projected area (4mm2) and incidence angle to the magnetic field (> 10°) to avoid the sheath expansion effects associated with flush mounted divertor probes. The probes may be remotely configured as single, triple or floating probes. The combination of triple probe measurements and strike point sweeping has provided unique high resolution profiles of plasma parameters across the divertor target. Emphasis is placed upon the evaluation of probe interpretation assumptions and comparison with non-disturbing diagnostics to assess the reliability of the measurements. The distortion of the probe current-voltage characteristics is strongest for high recycling and detached divertor conditions. Single probe analysis methods overestimate the electron temperature while the virtual asymmetric double probe assumption matches well the functional form of the current-voltage characteristics and is more consistent with independent measurements and numerical modelling than single probe interpretation. However, the effects of plasma resistivity remain difficult to evaluate quantitatively. Analysis of the divertor plasma parameters over a wide range of conditions is presented. The behavior of the ion fluxes and parallel gradients during high recycling and detached discharges is studied and compared with predictions from simple analytical models of detachment. Numerical models are used to study the impurity production from the divertor target plate. A new technique of evaluating the plasma parameters both between and during Edge Localized Modes (ELMs) using the triple probes is applied to study the influence of active pumping on the divertor parameters.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Plasma physics & gas discharges