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Title: Corporate turnaround strategy in Nigeria : a case study of NEPA.
Author: Gbande, Atsuwe Cephas.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3492 9799
Awarding Body: South Bank University
Current Institution: London South Bank University
Date of Award: 1995
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The main objective of this study is to establish why NEPA has persistently failed to effectively turnaround with a view to recommending an effective corporate turnaround strategy. The corporation has performed very poorly for several decades in both monetary returns and service quality. Several attempts to reverse the situation have failed, thus frustrating the government who own the corporation and the consumers who use its services. To do this we start by building a theoretical framework to learn from experience of other organisations and establish the parameters for performance measurement, necessary for a successful corporate turnaround. Corporate turnaround strategy is only necessary if there is corporate decline. Corporate decline, however, does not occur as one of those things in an organisation but starts in one area and systematically spreads to the other areas. There are two sources of corporate decline, one internal to the company and the other external to it. While the managers may influence the internal causal factors of decline, it is not easy for them to influence the external causal factors of decline. However, good managers may minimise the effects of external factors of decline on their organisation. The main internal cause of corporate decline is management, along with other variables such as finance, organisation structure, bureaucracy and poor management decisions. Most corporate decline situations arise as a result of poor and inefficient management among others which include ineffective financial policy and control, overexpansion and large scale investments without proper costing. Yet. other factors include building.... of high cost structure in an organisation, poor marketing efforts and wrongly judged acquisitions and mergers. NEPA possesses most of these attributes of decline during the period of 1970 to 1992. The key symptoms of declining organisations are grouped in seven basic families of problems which are mainly liquidity, poor debt collection, declining profitability, quality failures, low employee morale and poor organisation structure. To reverse these trends. most turnaround strategies start with change of top management. The new management carries out the restructuring of the rest of the organisation, first by assuring that the organisation has enough funds to function and is heading towards the desired direction. Such actions include assets I reduction, improved cost efficiency and redirected investment. Following the completion of theoretical framework, we carried out field research directed at four stakeholders of NEPA. We drew up and administered a different questionnaire on Residential Consumers, Commercial and Industrial Consumers, NEPA Staff and Other Interest Groups (Ministries and other Parastatals) to capture the perception of these groups on the performance of NEPA. The responses from the questionnaires have been analysed and reported in the study. Our findings show that NEPA is characterised by the indicators of corporate decline such as: • poor management • weak finance team • high cost structure • bureaucracy The combined effect of these is poor performance in product quality and loss of revenue as shown in its operating records. The first attempt to improve product quality of NEPA in 1972 by merging the two bodies (ECN and NDA) into one body failed to produce noticeable effect. The corporation has therefore continued to decline over the years and the consumers had to tolerate the situation as there was no ready alternative source of power supply. Recognising the problem, another attempt to turn NEPA around was made in 1989, by adopting turnaround strategies which involved changing top management and restructuring the organisation. It still did not improve its performance because the new management was not better than the one replaced. The corporation thus continues to decline. Recognising NEPA's operational problems and managerial difficulties, we recommended corporate turnaround strategies that will lessen the burden on the executives and make NEPA an efficient company. We have recommended change of management, preferably with an outsider, as the first step in the corporate turnaround process in NEPA. This step was followed by the recommendation of large scale reorganisation of the industry. The reorganisation involves the formation of a Holding Company out of the current headquarters, with drastically reduced workforce and ten subsidiary companies. Our recommendations involve the creation of a generating company, a national grid company and eight distributing and supplying companies. We appreciate the resource implications of our recommendations, which involves the injection of new funds, new personnel requirement and the government's approval. The subsidiary companies would inherit most of their staffing requirements from the current NEPA staff, except for Distribution and Supply companies, where a large number of new personnel should be employed. The staffing requirements of Distribution and Supply companies will differ from the other companies in the group. The high calibre professional staff needs shall be met by offering appropriate incentives, comparable to those in the private sector. The corporation has already got premises that will house the subsidiary companies and funding will come from both improved operating and financial performance as well as a one off grant from the government. Despite these resource implications, we are convinced that if NEPA is keen to improve on its performance, our recommendations will be the way out for the corporation.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Nigerian economy