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Title: Laser action in neodymium doped silica fibre
Author: Alcock, Ian Peter
ISNI:       0000 0001 3410 2484
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 1988
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This thesis describes an investigation into the suitability of neodymium doped monomode optical fibre as a gain medium for miniature laser systems. Characterisation of the material and parameters required for quantitative analysis of such laser systems are presented in a spectroscopic analysis carried out in the first part of the thesis. Measurements performed in this section also indicate that at room temperature the wide fluorescence bands of the neodymium doped silica fibre are spectrally broadened by a homogeneous process. The behaviour of a longitudinally pumped continuous-wave fibre laser is modelled in the next section followed by the design and realisation of a practical system. Efficiencies of approximately 6% and threshold pump powers of 8-12 mW have been obtained, even under narrow linewidth operation. Tunability over ranges of 45-60nm has also been demonstrated. The thesis is concluded by experiments on pulsed fibre lasers. Q-switching the laser has achieved peak powers of several watts in pulses 180ns wide with good agreement between the results obtained and predicted values. Shorter pulses 450ps wide have been realised by mode-locking a fibre laser. Suggestions for reducing the pulse width further and the effects of material dispersion are also given. Finally modulated pump sources have been investigated and it is shown that synchronous pumping with short pulses has limitations due to dispersion, while resonantly pumping relaxation oscillations is a simple means of obtaining a pulsed output.
Supervisor: Tropper, Anne Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QC Physics ; TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering