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Title: Linguistic variation in Indian English : a sociolinguistic study.
Author: Khan, Farhat.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3598 2305
Awarding Body: University of Reading
Current Institution: University of Reading
Date of Award: 1989
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The present study responds to the longstanding need within the field of applied sociolinguistics for a better understanding of L2 variability. The study is concerned with the nature of phonological variation in the use of English by Indians. It is an attempt to use sociolinguistic methodology In examInIng a second language situation and to investigate: 1. Whether L2 variability is conditioned by linguistic constraints, and 2. Whether there is any social significance associated with L2 variability. The study is based on the data collected from 44 educated speakers of English in Aligarh (North India). The data was analysed by means of a variety of statistical and computer based programmes. Forty five minutes long interview was conducted by means of a questionnaire. The tasks, ranging from the informal to the most formal, were: (i) casual speech, (ii) short responses or interview style, (iii) reading passage and sentences, and (iv) reading minimal paIrs. There was, of course, no way to eliminate completely the influence of the interview situation, which generally causes speech to be more formal than casual. However, a number of techniques were used to enable the informants to relax and speak more casually. The first chapter deals with the socio-cultural and historical aspect of English in India. The second chapter looks at various theoretical approaches to the study of linguistic variability. The third chapter discusses the research methodology adopted for the present study. The fourth chapter examines the linguistic variants in different phonolog'ical environments and confirms our hypothesis that linguistic variation in second language IS systematic at the level of both the individual and the group. In the fifth chapter phonological variables have been analysed in relation to social demographic variables, such as schooling, education, age, sex and social class. The analysis in the sixth chapter deals with stylistic variation and shows a wide variation in different styles of speech. The seventh chapter very briefly examines intelligibility of Indian English and suggests that a change is probably taking place in Indian English due to social and political pressures within the country, particularly affecting younger generation. The last chapter begins with a brief discussion of the major findings and their social and linguistic implications and suggests ways in which the insights gained from the study can be utilised in the teaching of English as a second language.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Linguistics