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Title: The psychometric properties of the parent-child relationship questionnaire.
Author: Hay, Fiona B.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3547 7325
Awarding Body: University of East Anglia
Current Institution: University of East Anglia
Date of Award: 2000
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Conduct disorders in children are very common. The consequences of such problems are far-reaching not least because they impact upon the quality of the parent-child relationship. Parent Management Training (PMT) is a widely recognised treatment for childhood conduct disorders although the outcomes for many children are disappointing. Theoretically, the current study considers why outcomes are not more favourable and illustrates that attention should be paid to the role of maternal cognition in the quality of mother-child relationships. The aims of this study were to: • orientate the reader to the nature of the problem • describe the development of a tool that measures the quality of the mother-child relationship, The Parent-Child Relationship Questionnaire (PCRQ) • assess the psychometric properties of the PCRQ • discuss the findings, strengths and weaknesses of the study and consider future research ideas Control mothers completed the PCRQ once. Referred mothers completed the PCRQ and a measure of depression pre and post PMT. These mothers also completed a measure of parenting stress pre group only. A further sample of mothers completed the PCRQ twice. Principal components analysis was used to determine a) the factor structure of the PCRQ and b) whether this differed between a control and referred sample. One factor was extracted from the control sample and two from the referred. The two factors extracted were named Negative Cognition and Emotion (NC-E) and Behavioural Management (BM). Reliability analysis revealed adequate levels of alpha (Cronbach's) for the PCRQ and NC-E subscale although only barely adequate for BM subscale in both samples. Testretest reliability analysis on a small sample revealed a high Pearson's correlation coefficient. Intra-class correlation coefficients for total PCRQ and the BM subscale were reasonable whereas for NC-E the coefficient was weak. Criterion validity was explored by comparing the control and referred sample means. The differences between the means were significant. Concurrent and convergent validity were investigated by computing correlations between the PCRQ and the Parenting Stress Index Short-Form (PSI-SF; Abidin, 1995). This showed moderate correlations between the measures. The correlations between two PSI-SF dimensions and the BM subscale were low. Discriminant validity was investigated by computing correlations between the PCRQ and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI; Beck & Steer, 1993). This showed a moderate relationship. Sensitivity to change following PMT was investigated by computing a paired samples t test in the referred sample. This test was also used to compare the pre and post group scores for the individual subscales. The changes were significant. There was no relationship between PCRQ scores and either age or gender. Normative values for the PCRQ and its subscales were calculated using a theoretical normal distribution. The results suggest that the PCRQ can be used to investigate the extent of negative maternal cognition underlying the quality of the mother-child relationship. Its usefulness is enhanced by employing a measure of maternal depression.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Parent Management; Conduct disorders; Children