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Title: Ecotoxicology and ecophysiology of mysids, with special reference to copper toxicity in Praunus flexuosus
Author: Garnacho, Eva
ISNI:       0000 0001 3491 0633
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2000
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Toxicity of dissolved copper was examined in a common coastal mysid population {Praunusflexuosus). The life cycle and ecophysiology were studied under natural conditions throughout the year, and responses to dissolved copper were determined in the laboratory. Pronounced and ontogenic seasonal differences in copper toxicity for the mysid Praunus flexuosus were observed. Sublethal and lethal parameters (mortality, behaviour, metabolism, reproduction, and bioaccumulation) showed seasonal variation in response to copper toxicity, being highest toxicity in summer. Changes in the form of dissolved copper were measured during toxicity testing, using the chelating resin method to provide a measurement oftotal and labile (Chelex-available) dissolved copper in the natural seawater used in the toxicity tests. Labile dissolved copper did not show significant variations in the test seawater, confirming that organisms were exposed to constant labile copper concentrations during the toxicity test. The total dissolved copper concentration was significantly higher than the labile form, as organic complexation occurred in natural seawater and during toxicity tests. The labile fraction could be less than 50% ofthe total fraction. The total dissolved copper concentration decreased significantly when the organism was under stress. While the mortality of the population was insignificant after 10 days of copper exposure (0, 5,25, 75 and 200g 1"') in winter, lethal effects occurred at every copper exposure level after 24 hours (96h LC50 =30.8 g 1"') in summer. The effects of copper on metabolism (respiration and excretion) were very sensitive indicators of sublethal toxicity, which resulted in lethal effects with a prolonged time of exposure. Metabolism shifted to a greater reliance on protein catabolism under copper exposure in both seasons, demonstrating a stronger effect in summer. Total copper content accumulated in the organism increased with increasing copper concentration in solution. Copper accumulation rate was higher in summer . than in winter, increasing to rates of7^g g*1 dry weight day"1. Reproductive processes were severely disrupted at any copper treatment. Production ofjuveniles was reduced to zero, because of the high abortion rate, reduction on brood survival and damage to fertilisation processes.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: QH301 Biology