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Title: Americans of patriot sympathies in London and the colonial strategy for opposition, 1774-1775.
Author: Flavell, Julie Marie.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3468 4218
Awarding Body: University College London (University of London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 1989
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The thesis indentifies fifty-one Americans of Patriot sympathies who were resident in London during the political crisis which followed the Boston Tea Party (1774-1775) and who were active in support of the Patriot movement at some point during the crisis. Using this number of Patriots as a focal point, the thesis addresses two problems: to what extent did the advice of their confederates in London influence the policy-making of the Patriot leaders who met in Congress in 1774 and the spring and summer of 1775? And what efforts, if any, did the Patriots make to transcend the limitations of the direct action tactics employed by the Congress in order to negotiate a peaceful settlement with Britain? A survey of the transatlantic correspondence of the number of Patriots in London reveals that Patriot advice from the metropolis reflected the full spectrum of moderate and extremist opinion within the movement at large in America. This fact, together with the fact that the Patriots in London lacked any mechanism for advising the Congress as a whole or claiming authority to define the intentions of the British government, meant that the Patriots in London did not have the means of shaping policy within the Congress, but rather reflected its lack of consensus on certain issues, notably the question of how amenable Government was to negotiations. Located as they were at the administrative center of the empire, this last question was of particular concern to a number of the Patriots in London. Certain of them had connections among the Ministry and the Opposition, and they investigated the potential for opening talks between British politicians and Patriot leaders. Their collective efforts make it clear that the Patriots were aware of the shortcomings of the intransigent tactics and remote posture assumed by the Congress, and sought to find some effective procedure for discovering common ground with the mother country. However, the diplomatic void proved unbridgable, and only when the Americans had given up the task of seeking reconciliation with Britain did they finally acquire the consensus on policy necessary to assume a more distinct diplomatic posture in Europe. Much of the early U.S. diplomatic corps was chosen from among the Patriots who had acted informally for the Congress in London in 1774-1775.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: History