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Title: Models of mentoring in initial teacher training : case studies within a partnership scheme in secondary school-based initial teacher training, 1993-95.
Author: Back, Desiree M. A. R.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3434 8775
Awarding Body: University of East Anglia
Current Institution: University of East Anglia
Date of Award: 1999
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With no apparent theoretical justification the Department of Education (DFE) Circular 9/92 has made mandatory, school-based Initial Teacher Training (ITT) whereby trainees are located in schools for the majority of their training. Schools and Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) have been encouraged by government to form complementary partnerships in which the school is the senior partner responsible for final assessment. Central to school-based partnership training is the role of the subject specific mentor who has, it is claimed in the literature on mentoring, a new and exacting task to perform as teacher educator rather than the purely supervisory role pre-1992. The tentative hypothesis is that there is a gap between the rhetoric of mentoring and the reality of mentoring in school-based partnership ITT post-1992. Three models representing `stages' of professional development: the apprenticeship model; the competency model and the `reflective practitioner' model of mentoring are considered from the perspective of both subject mentors and trainees. The data, gathered by participant observation, semi-structured interviews, questionnaires and recorded mentor-trainee feedback sessions, investigates to what extent there is in the training year slavish imitation reinforced by practical skills associated with apprenticeship, and/or professional development in trainee learning informed and extended by trainee access to teacher expertise. Changes in ITT appear largely administrative, mentors focusing on supervision of competent apprentices, passing on basic skills using a `top-down' model of knowledge transfer to passive novices. A model of mentoring is outlined whereby the professional tutor assumes a school leadership role, liaising with the HEI partner in joint planning of ITT, taking responsibility for trainee overview and professional development of Newly Qualified Teachers (NQTs). Two stages of Qualified Teacher Status (QTS) are described in a model of future teacher preparation whereby master classroom practitioners can be professionally identified and appropriately rewarded.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Education & training