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Title: The Labour Party's policy towards land reform, 1900-1945.
Author: Tichelar, Michael.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3533 309X
Awarding Body: University of the West of England at Bristol
Current Institution: University of the West of England, Bristol
Date of Award: 2000
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By the outbreak of the Second World War the 'Land Question' was not as politically controversial as it had been before 1914. It had fragmented into a series of separate but related political issues. Radical interest had moved away from attacking the landed aristocracy as a class and focused on the development and control of land-use, particularly in urban areas, and the protection of agriculture and the countryside from urban despoliation. The thesis concentrates on Labour Party policy at a national and a local level in the period 1939-45. There was a plethora of Government white papers and reports published on land-use control (physical planning's equivalent to the welfare state's Beveridge Report), plus controversial legislation on town and country planning to deal with the problem of reconstructing towns badly damaged by the blitz. Much more could be said about the importance of post 1945 developments, but there is not sufficient space to do adequate justice to this period. However, a number of ~ initial and preliminary comments are made in the conclusion about the record of the 1945 Labour Government. The thesis makes a contribution in three areas of historical debate. First it traces in detail the way Labour Party policy on land reform developed in the period from 1900 to 1945. This is a neglected area particularly after 1939. Four strands of policy made up Labour's changing position on the Land Question: - agriculture and smallholdings; land nationalisation and taxation of land values; town and country planning; and National Parks and access to the countryside. Second it contributes to the historical debate on the nature of the post-war consensus. It questions the extent to which wartime debates on land reform could be said to form part of the origins of postwar legislation. Third the thesis identifies some broader themes that influenced the direction and nature of the Party's land reform policies. The tension between land nationalistion and taxation of land values will be discussed, and its influence on the development of Party ideology on public ownership in general. In addition the influence of such important factors as agrarianism, pastoralism and central-local government relationships will be discussed and assessed.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: History