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Title: Symmetric fission of 24Mg and 56Ni
Author: Singer, Steven Mark
ISNI:       0000 0001 3414 860X
Awarding Body: University of Surrey
Current Institution: University of Surrey
Date of Award: 1996
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Clustering effects are studied experimentally in 24Mg and are searched for in 28Si and 56Ni. The mechanisms of reactions that populate fissioning states are also studied. The angular distribution of the 12C(24Mg,12C12C)12C reaction at 170 MeV has been measured near 180° in the centre of mass frame by reversing the kinematics. Compared to previously measured forward angle data, the backward angle cross section is a factor of 45 lower. This is interpreted as a strong indication that the reaction mechanism is direct. Measurements of the 12C(16O,12C12C)alpha reaction at beam energies between 67 and 77 MeV reveal symmetrically fissioning states in 24Mg with spins of 6-12h and excitation energies of 22-32 MeV. Two states at 23.7 MeV (Jpi=(6,8)+) and 25.1 MeV (Jpi=10+) have not been observed in previous data at 99 and 113 MeV. The observed states show no clear correlation with 12C+12C scattering resonances. The variation of yield with bombarding energy supports previous indications of a compound reaction mechanism. Measurements of the 40Ca+16O reaction at a 40Ca beam energy of 190 MeV, previously proposed as a molecular resonance energy in this channel, show no yield into the sequential breakup channel 16O(40Ca,12C16O)28Si. This is apparently at variance with the predictions of a widely successful model for cluster reactions (the Harvey model). Measurements of other exit channels, in particular the 28Si+28Si, 24Mg+ 32S and 20Ne+36Ar channels, agree with statistical model Hauser-Feshbach calculations. Tests have been performed on the gas cells of the hybrid detectors used in these experiments. Optimum values for the operating parameters are determined. A systematic variation of detector signal with position is observed, which can be corrected in analysis. It is shown that two gridded electrodes of 100 mum wires can be replaced with a single 20 mum grid increasing the two-fold coincidence efficiency from 64% to 96%.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Hauser-Feshbach theory; Nilsson-Strutinsky