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Title: Competing through technology and manufacturing : a study of the Indian commercial vehicles industry
Author: Kathuria, Sanjay
ISNI:       0000 0001 1960 8874
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 1991
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The thesis is a detailed study of the technological and manufacturing strategies of firms in the commercial vehicles (CV) industry in India, and analyses the impact of these strategies on the domestic and international competitiveness of the firms. Its focus is therefore different from the usual policy-led explanations of industrial backwardness in the developing world, particularly India. The thesis begins by analysing the competitiveness of the different firms and the CV industry as a whole, both in India as well as in international markets. This is explained by differences in vertical integration and sub-contracting strategies across firms, and relationships with suppliers; by scale economies and manufacturing technology and related issues; and by technological change, in terms of both inputs and outputs, including technology imports. It is found that production organization (vertical integration) is a very important explanation for observed differences in technological capabilities. Scale economies, on the other hand, do not explain much of the inter-firm cost variations, because firms have been able to use different levels and vintages of process technology, suited to their scale of production, to produce acceptable products. But scale does help in terms of marketing, both domestically and internationally. It was found that all firms have been active in their technological search efforts and have responded to the demand for sturdy, cheap and functionally efficient products. The firm with the greatest stress on in-house Research and Development was also the most competitive. However, in responding to domestic demand, Indian CV firms have been ruled out of the major markets abroad, and had to restrict themselves to developing countries with similar demand characteristics. When the level of effective competition in the industry increased, most firms had to accelerate the pace of investment in both product and process technologies and suffered an erosion in their profitability.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Management & business studies