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Title: State policies in rural South Africa c. 1948 to c. 1960 : Bantu authorities, policy formation and local responses.
Author: McIntosh, Robert.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3624 8559
Awarding Body: School of Oriental and African Studies (University of London)
Current Institution: SOAS, University of London
Date of Award: 1999
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Abstract The thesis explores the formation, implementation and execution of 'Bantu administration' policies in the African 'reserves' of South Africa. The study begins with an examination of the institutions of segregation, the strains during the 1940s, and the responses of the government of JC Smuts and of the Nationalist opposition. The thesis covers the administrations of OF Malan, JG Strijdom and HF Verwoerd, from 1948 until the beginning of the period of 'grand apartheid', c1960. It examines a major dispute within the cabinet over African representation in state legislatures during Malan's administration and explains its ramifications. It explores the development of the policy of political apartheid, under EG Jansen and Verwoerd, both Ministers of Native Affairs, until the passage of the Bantu Authorities Act of 1951. The narrative continues with an inquiry into politics of African representation, the establishment of Bantu Authorities, and the related policies of 'betterment'. The nature of decision-making and centreperiphery interaction between the 'Head Office' of the Department of Native Affairs and its local officers are of particular concern. The administrative assault on Africans in the reserves, the developing policy of 'self-government' withi n the framework of 'separate development' and the final elimination of any African political representation are all critically examined. Three case studies illustrate the effects of these policies on African communities in the Northern Transvaal. These include the imposition of political structures predicated on a priori 'ethnic' divisions, the distortion of rural development programmes, and the early mass removal of the Mamathola people
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: African reserves; Segregation; Apartheid; Ethnic