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Title: A theoretical study on manipulation of trapped atomic Bose-Einstein condensates
Author: Choi, Stephen
ISNI:       0000 0001 3546 7741
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 1999
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In this thesis a number of aspects on possible manipulation of Bose-Einstein condensate in trapped atomic gases is investigated. First, a model for atom optical experiments involving Bose condensates is proposed and numerical simulations are presented to illustrate its characteristics. We demonstrate ways of focusing and splitting the condensate by modifying experimentally adjustable parameters. We show that there are at least two ways of implementing atom optical elements: one may modulate the interatomic scattering length in space, or alternatively, use a sinusoidal, externally applied potential. The temporal evolution of quasiparticle excitations is studied via the Gross-Pitaevskii Equation. Nonlinear mode mixing of quasiparticles is introduced, and is observed using a quasiparticle projection method. This is used as a basis of time-dependent finite temperature simulations, which we argue to be valid under regimes of high occupation number. An illustration via a closely related evaporative cooling simulation is provided. A phenomenological damping formalism for superfluidity near the λ point is adopted to describe the damping of excitations in a Bose-Einstein condensate. An estimate for the damping parameter is found. The damping formalism as a numerical tool to calculate the ground eigenstate of the condensate is explored. A novel, experimentally realisable interferometry for Bose-Einstein condensates using near-field diffraction is proposed. The scheme is based on the phenomenon of intermode traces or quantum carpets; we demonstrate the structured spatio-temporal pattern for the dilute, atomic Bose-Einstein condensate. The pattern is found to change with temperature, which allows us to perform interferometric temperature measurements. Finally, an output coupler for Bose-Einstein Condensates based on stimulated Raman transition is investigated. The spectrum and coherence are calculated for an atomic beam slowly coupled out of a trap containing a partially condensed Bose gas at finite temperatures. A number conserving Hartree-Fock-Bogliubov formalism has been used to incorporate finite temperature effects. Various different processes are found to become dominant for a suitable choice of the coupling parameters.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available