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Title: The British reaction to German economic expansion in southeastern Europe 1936-1939.
Author: Van Kessel, Gerard Joseph.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3542 4098
Awarding Body: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Current Institution: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Date of Award: 1972
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This thesis reconstructs the reaction of the British government to German economic penetration in southeastern Europe in the years 1936-1939. Until the Anschluss the British government considered that the creation of a German economic sphere of influence in southeastern Europe did not represent a political threat to Britain or the Balkan states. Britain's primary concern was to avoid any binding commitments in central or southeastern Europe. Relations with the Balkan states, limited to commercial matters, were devoid of political direction. Politically, the Balkans were regarded only in the context of a general European settlement. The political implications of the Anschluss resulted in the gradual development of a new British policy to southeastern Europe. The British government hoped that economic assistance to the Balkans would enhance Britain's political influence and provide an alternative to Germany. The first indication of this policy was the £16 million credit to Turkey. The insistence on economic orthodoxy, however, nullified the attempts of the specially created interdepartmental committee to recommend schemes of assistance for the other Balkan states. Economic orthodoxy was abandoned in December 1938 when £10 million were allocated for political credits. The occupation of Prague ended the preceding months' hopes of an Anglo-German agreement. Britain guaranteed Poland, Greece and Rumania and sought an alliance with Turkey. To supplement Britain's political policy, the amount of political credits was increased to £60 million in June 1939. The British reaction to German economic penetration in southeastern Europe was the result of a political decision that a German hegemony in the Balkans was not in Britain's interest.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available