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Title: The impact of liberalization on market structure in the European airline industry.
Author: Marin-Uribe, Pedro Luis.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3618 9325
Awarding Body: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Current Institution: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Date of Award: 1995
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The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the impact of liberalization on market structure in the European airline industry. The following chapters focus on three interrelated aspects: airlines' pricing behaviour and determinants of demand, differences between European flag carriers and independent airlines in profits and probability of entry in a route and their main determinants, and the effect of different regulatory policies on the productivity of European carriers. Chapter I proposes a model that explains firms' behaviour and shows that, after the liberalization, firms exploit their cost advantages and differentiate their products more, but market structure still depends on access to airport facilities and other ancillary services controlled by the flag carriers. These results differ from American evidence in that I find that the effect of airport presence on prices through lower costs more than offsets the effect through higher perceived quality. Chapter II develops an empirical model of entry, distinguishing between European flag carriers which are highly regulated at the beginning of the eighties, and independent airlines. I find that the latter enjoy sunk cost advantages but get lower variable profits than the former. This means that possible efficiency disadvantages suffered by the flag carriers are more than offset by their higher perceived quality, leading to a situation in which they are less likely to enter a route, but also less likely to exit. Finally, chapter III specifies and estimates a production function for the airline industry, identifying firms' network characteristics and efficiency as the main determinants of their productivity. The results show that the introduction of liberal bilateral agreements by some European governments has given their flag carriers incentives to start adjusting their structure in anticipation of future liberalization in the European market while other European flag carriers have delayed this adjustment.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Internal and EU commerce & consumer affairs