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Title: Evangelical seceders from the Church of England, c.1800-1850
Author: Carter, Grayson
ISNI:       0000 0003 8332 2082
Awarding Body: University of Oxford
Current Institution: University of Oxford
Date of Award: 1990
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This thesis examines the major themes and personalities which influenced the outbreak of a number of Evangelical clerical secessions from the Church of England during the first half of the nineteenth century. Chapter one discusses the relationship between the Evangelicals and the Church of England. Chapter two examines the Evangelicals' objections to certain aspects of the Established Church during the late eighteenth century, especially those things which appeared to inhibit evangelism. Chapter three examines Irish Evangelical seceders, in particular the secessions of John Walker and Thomas Kelly. These influential clergymen abandoned the Church and established their own 'connexions' based on a return to 'Apostolic' principles, which were propagated with disruptive effects on both sides of the Irish Sea. Chapter four investigates the outbreak of the Western Schism: a small band of well-connected Evangelical clergy and laymen who seceded from the Church of England in 1815, and formed their own religious 'connexion.' The Schism's antinomian influence was considerable, provoking an alarmed response. Chapter five enquires into the outbreak of millennial expectation in England, in particular the influence of Henry Drummond and Edward Irving, and the founding of the celebrated Albury Conferences for the study of unfulfilled prophecy. Chapter six explores the similar outbreak of millennial expectation in Ireland. Lady Powerscourt, the Powerscourt Conferences, the early career of John Nelson Darby, and the formation of the Christian Brethren are all considered. Chapter seven is set in Oxford, where Darby's teachings were being advanced by Henry Bulteel, the influential Evangelical curate of St. Ebbe's. The propagation of Bulteel 's dogmatic Protestantism produced a theological and doctrinal backlash, which paved the way for the advancement of the Oxford Movement and the publication of the Tracts. Chapter eight examines the secession of the Hon. and Rev. Baptist W. Noel, and the Evangelical response to the Gorham affair. Chapter nine probes into the contentious case of the Rev. James Shore, and the canonical implications of clerical secession from the Church of England. These Evangelical secessions were often influential out of all proportion to their numbers, provoking consternation within both the Church and Evangelicalism, and highlighting the inherent tensions between the evangelical conversionist imperative and the principles and practice of a national religious establishment.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Philosophy