Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS: https://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.305644
Title: The Scottish churches and the organ in the nineteenth century
Author: Inglis, James
ISNI:       0000 0001 3586 6099
Awarding Body: University of Glasgow
Current Institution: University of Glasgow
Date of Award: 1987
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Abstract:
"The use of organs in the public worship of God is contrary to the law of the land, and to the law and constitution of our Established Church". This was the opinion of the Presbytery of Glasgow when it condemned the use of an organ in St. Andrew's Church, Glasgow, in 1807, the first use of a musical instrument in public worship by any presbyterian congregation in Scotland. So began the controversy in Scotland about what came to be known as "the organ question", a controversy which continued through the nineteenth century and into the twentieth. A presbyterian congregation attempted to use an organ in 1829, but in 1850 church organs in Scotland were still confined to episcopal and Roman catholic places of worship and to a few chapels of small minority sects. By then organs were widely used among nonconformists in the north of England. During the fifties, some Scottish independent congregations and two English presbyterian congregations followed their example, and two Scottish presbyterian congregations attempted to do so but were prevented by their Church courts. From 1863 onwards, instruments began to appear in churches of the establishment. By 1866 the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland had made it clear that it saw no objection in principle to the use of organs, and the U. P. Church and the Free Church permitted their use in 1872 and 1883 respectively. Once introduced, instrumental music proved popular, and the Church of Scotland, in which there had been none before 1863, found in 1906 that instruments were used by about nine-tenths of its congregations. The "continuing" Free Church, a small minority, maintained its opposition, and ordered the removal of an organ in 1 908. The organ controversy in Scotland has been virtually ignored by church historians and organ historians alike. This thesis is therefore largely concerned with establishing the facts. It examines the arguments used in the debate and traces the history of the adoption of instru- mental music in each of the major Scottish denominations. It relates instrumental music to other innovations which were transforming Scottish worship; it examines the initiation and implementation of organ projects by congregations, the nature of the instruments, how space was found for them in church buildings, how they were used in worship, and how organists were found to play them. Finally, it assesses briefly the various factors which contributed to the general desire for instrumental music in Scottish worship. Attention is drawn to an extensive pamphlet literature, most items of which have remained unnoticed since the era of their publication.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID: uk.bl.ethos.305644  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Philosophy
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