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Title: Corporate criminal liability for manslaughter
Author: Sugawara, Masayuki
ISNI:       0000 0001 3489 1153
Awarding Body: University of Bristol
Current Institution: University of Bristol
Date of Award: 1999
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In the late 1980s, a series of disasters was witness in the United Kingdom, such as the King's Cross Underground fire, the Piper Alpha disaster, the Clapham Junction Railway accident and the capsize of the ferry "Herald of Free Enterprise" at Zeebrugge. Although the following inquiries and reports highly criticised corporations for their poor management and organisation relevant to the risk of harm inherent in their activities, very few prosecutions for manslaughter have followed. Since the occurrence of these disasters, however, an increasing perception that deaths caused through corporate operations should comprise a category of corporate manslaughter has gradually become embedded in the public mind, and the publication on March 1996 of the Law Commission Paper dealing with corporate killing has brought about legal debates concerning how to hold corporations criminally liable for manslaughter. In addressing these legal issues, this thesis first traces the historical development of corporate criminal liability in English law and examines the current status of corporate liability for manslaughter. Then, it indicates practical and theoretical flaws from which most existing theories for corporate manslaughter suffer, and propounds a new theory of corporate liability for manslaughter by which both corporate and individual offenders can be held liable under the same conditions. Finally, it considers corporate defences and sentencing factors in the context of corporate manslaughter
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Law