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Title: Landed estates in Dorset since 1870 : their survival and influence.
Author: Waymark, Janet.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3564 7232
Awarding Body: Birkbeck (University of London)
Current Institution: Birkbeck (University of London)
Date of Award: 1995
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Dorset retains ten of the twelve landed estates owning 10,000 acres listed in the 1883 edition of John Bateman's Survey, most still with considerable acreages, in a county which remains predominantly rural. Yet historians saw the attempted sales of land in England between 1918 and 1921 as a watershed beyond which agricultural landownership ceased to have any importance. Part I of this thesis uses extensive sales catalogue data to establish a chronology of attempted sales from Dorset landed estates, and seeks to isolate the economic, social, political and personal factors which led to land being put on the market. Data is then used, in the main from the 1942 War Agricultural Cultivations subcommittee minutes, to discover the results of earlier attempts to sell, and the emergence of new agricultural landowners. MAFF data on holdings sizes confirms a picture of the rebuilding of estates post World War Two. Throughout, exemplification comes from privately and publicly held estate archives. Part H uses estate archive material supplemented by minutes. from Dorset County Council and District Council Committees; from the Dorset branch of the Council for the Preservation (then Protection) of Rural England, and Forestry Commission leases, to establish the considerable influence landowners continued to wield post World War Two. A chapter on housing shows how state aid to the county's council housing was distorted by the national landowner stance on tied housing. A chapter on countryside protection considers the, curbing of industry and suburbia and discovers conflicting and ambiguous landowner attitudes concerning the protection of the rural landscape. Finally, a chapter on development traces the evolution of the Dorset landownership position with regard to development, which has accompanied the recent rise in land values. The whole shows that not only have Dorset landed estates survived the pressures which appeared to threaten to sweep them away, but their influence has resulted in the continuation of a predominantly rural landscape today.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: History