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Title: The reform of the law and administration of charities in the nineteenth century.
Author: Hargrove, B.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3531 8404
Awarding Body: University College London (University of London)
Current Institution: University College London (University of London)
Date of Award: 1963
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This thesis deals with the manner in which the work of charity during the nineteenth century was altered and reformed, and it attempts to indicate the degree in which various forces accomplished those alterations. The Introduction indicates the limitations which have been imposed upon the scope of this work, particularly with regard to case-law concerning the definition of "charity". The first four chapters consider the formation and work of the Brougham Inquiry 1819-1837, with particular reference to the background and nature of the Inquiry (Chapter I), the manner in which the Inquiry discharged its functions and the problem of tracing charities (Chapter II). Chapte~ III considers the nature of the charitable gifts which the Inquiry discovered. The final chapter on the Inquiry deals first with the information to be gleaned from the trust deeds concerning the types of settlor, the form in which trusts were constructed and the influence of these factors on the 3. misuse of charity property. Secondly, it investigates the categories of abuse and misuse of charities found by the Inquiry and other cases of trust fund failure. Chapters V - VIII illustrate the legislative reforms,-in particular the foundation of the Charity Commission, and investigate the way in which the reports of the Charity Commissioners influenced reform. These chapters also seek to show the degree of success achieved by the Commissioners in the work of rectifying the administration of charities. Chapter IX follows the development of organised charity in its attack upon poverty and Chapter X considers, in outline only, the cy-pres doctrine in the courts. Legal opinions on reform during the period are summarized in the final chapter. The first appendix concerns the Meer Hospital foundation deed and the remaining four appendices are the statutes setting up the Brougham Inquiry and the Charity Commission.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available