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Title: Electrical and optical properties of novel phthalocyanine compounds for sensor devices
Author: Exley, James Richard
ISNI:       0000 0001 3455 7067
Awarding Body: Sheffield Hallam University
Current Institution: Sheffield Hallam University
Date of Award: 1995
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UV/visible spectrophotometry measurements, together with measurement of the temperature dependence of ac parameters G (conductance), C (capacitance) and tan (dielectric loss) for 20Hz 162K) relates to the distance of singlet states below the conduction band. The low temperature activation energy indicates hopping conduction between localised states close to the Fermi level. Visible optical absorption and transmission spectra are obtained for 50nm thick sublimed films of heavy fraction rare-earth [HF(pc)(pc*)], gadolinium [Gd(pc)(pc*)] and thulium [Tm(pc)(pc*)] bisphthalocyanine compounds when they have undergone the postdeposition treatments of voltage-cycling to blue, voltage cycling to red and annealing at 393K for one hour; also for untreated fluorochromium phthalocyanine. The different post-deposition treatments produce different effects on the absorption spectra; in the case of annealing, this is attributed to the phase changes occurring in the films. The changes due to the voltage cycling are believed to be a result of oxidation processes taking place in the materials. Absorption data are also analysed in order to obtain information regarding the dispersion of refractive index and dielectric constants within optical frequency range. Absorption data are analysed in terms of a well known power law, and a value of 2.3eV is found for the optical gap E0. in HF (pc)(pc*)
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Solid-state physics