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Title: Input-output methods in development planning : a case study of Iraq.
Author: Bekhet, Hussain Ali.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3454 109X
Awarding Body: University of Keele
Current Institution: Keele University
Date of Award: 1990
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After 1952 Iraq embarked on various economic plans aimed at developing its economy. The aim of this thesis is to use input-output methods to examine the success of economic planning for Iraqi development, during the period 1968-1982. The history of Iraqi economic planning is outlined, with particular reference to policies aimed at encouraging economic integration. Various mathematical techniques for economic planning are discussed, such as production theory, linear programming, social accounting matrices, and particularly input-output analysis. For the remainder of the thesis a static input-output approach is adopted. The five input-output tables for Iraq, 1968-1982, are described and assessed, and a consistent aggregation structure of the tables is imposed. These input-output tables are used to explore economic inter-relationships in the Iraqi economy, using linkage analysis. multiplier analysis, and techniques of table triangularisation. Structural change of the Iraqi economy over time is analysed using input-output methods. The first technique used is the interpretation of the "fabrication" and "substitu tion" effects for updated tables using the RAS technique. Also, the decomposition of tables using matrix difference equations is utilised, allowing differentiation between the effects on economic activity of changing technology and changing demand structure over time. The conclusions reached are that the technology and the structure of final demand for the Iraqi economy have changed over time, with some evidence for increasing productive efficiency. Substantial potential benefits from further economic integration remain unexploited.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: International commerce & international trade