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Title: The self-regulation of a gravel river bed subject to upstream sediment supply
Author: Brown, Anthony Alan
Awarding Body: University of Aberdeen
Current Institution: University of Aberdeen
Date of Award: 1997
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The aims of this work are to improve the understanding of the way in which a river system approaches equilibrium during and after sediment transporting events and by using experimental data and hypothetical models to gain an insight into mixed grain sized transport and its connection with local bed morphology. Large scale flume experiments were undertaken in a trapezoidal channel where a mixed grain sized river bed is subjected to a variety of imposed sediment loads. The river system was allowed to adjust naturally to the imposed conditions while flow and bed conditions were frequently monitored. Changes to both flow and bed occur at many scales and the superimposition of these changes adds to the complexity of the interpretation of hydraulic and bed data. Three experiments are reported in which the sediment influx differ. One in which no material is added. One in which a feed rate is established equal in magnitude to 50% of the initial transport rate for the equivalent non-fed case. In the third experiment the feed rate is doubled to 100% of the initial transport rate in the degradation experiment. The imposed load is continued for approximately 75% of the duration of the run or until a dynamic equilibrium transport rate is evident within the reach. The river channel is analysed at two distinct scales; grain scale and reach scale. Conclusions about the relative influence of grain and form effects are drawn on the basis of detailed surface texture information and reach scale measurements of the bed surface. A hypothetical model is proposed to show that the transport activity during a degradation experiment can be qualitatively linked to a wave like translation of grain dislodgement through the channel.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Sediment transport; River management