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Title: CFD simulation of advanced diesel engines
Author: Kleemann, Andreas Peter
ISNI:       0000 0001 3600 7296
Awarding Body: University of London
Current Institution: Imperial College London
Date of Award: 2001
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This study uses CFD methodology to simulate an advanced Diesel engine operated at higher than conventional peak cylinder pressures. The existing mathematical models for Diesel combustion, pollutant formation and wall heat transfer are improved and validated for this operating range. The fluid flow is described via the gas-phase Favre-averaged transport equations, governing the conservation of mass, chemical species, momentum and energy, based on the Eulerian continuum framework. These equations are closed by means of the k — e turbulence model. The liquid phase uses the Lagrangian approach, in which parcels, representing a class of droplets, are described by differential equations for the conservation of mass, momentum and energy. The numerical solution of the gas phase is obtained by the finite volume method applied to unstructured meshes with moving boundaries. Diesel ignition is modeled via a reduced kinetics mechanism, coupled with a characteristic timescale combustion model. Additionally, NOx and soot emissions are simulated. For the elevated cylinder temperatures and pressures, the behaviour of the thermophysical properties of the gases and liquids involved is critically examined. A near-wall treatment is applied accounting for the large gradients of thermophysical properties in the vicinity of the wall. Furthermore an alternative combined combustion and emissions modelling approach, RIF, based on the laminar flamelet concept is tested. The methodology is validated by reference to experimental data from a research engine, a constant volume pressure chamber and a high-pressure DI Diesel engine at various operating conditions. The modified near-wall treatment gives better agreement with the heat transfer measurements. The methodology predicts Diesel combustion evolution reasonably well for the elevated pressures. Best agreement was achieved using the LATCT combustion model combined with a NOx and soot model. The predictions of emissions show encouraging trends especially regarding the soot/NOx tradeoff, but require tuning of model coefficients.
Supervisor: Gosman, A. D. Sponsor: European Commission
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Computational fluid dynamics