Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: The spatial analysis of radiocarbon databases : the spread of the first farmers in Europe and of the fat-tailed sheep in southern Africa
Author: Russell, Thembi M.
ISNI:       0000 0000 3941 4906
Awarding Body: University of Southampton
Current Institution: University of Southampton
Date of Award: 2002
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Full text unavailable from EThOS. Please try the link below.
Access from Institution:
Two spatially referenced radiocarbon databases, for the spread of Europe's first farmers and for the spread of the first sheep in southern Africa respectively, are analysed. Methods for visualising large-scale diffusion processes are compared using the European database. These include chronology maps (after Clark 1965), isochron maps (after Ammerman and Cavalli-Sforza 1984) and a new simulation using the probability distribution of calibrated dates. The patterns in the radiocarbon data are then quantified by using linear regression of both calibrated and uncalibrated dates to calculate rates of spread and possible departure points for the European data at two scales of analysis, continent-wide and by demic and cultural region (after Zvelebil and Lillie 2000). The new analytical technique, using the whole of a date's calibrated range, is then applied to the database for the spread of the first sheep in present day South Africa. Two competing hypotheses for the route of the spread, a western coastal route from present day Namibia southwards (Stow (1905), Cooke (1965)), and an interior route (Elphick 1977), are tested by analysing the spatial and temporal patterns in the radiocarbon data.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Archaeology