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Title: The headless Thompson gunner : marines, diplomats, Secretaries of State and the U.S. interventions in Nicaragua, 1924-1933.
Author: Zimov, David Michael.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3577 9585
Awarding Body: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Current Institution: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Date of Award: 1994
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The U. S. intervention in Nicaragua of 1927-1933 was both a long-term success and a short-term failure. The United States' most important policy goals for Nicaragua--the protection of the flanks and sea lanes of the Panama Canal and the Nicaraguan canal route, the maintenance of American hegemony in Central America, and continued access to Central American markets--were achieved through the intervention--along with several less important secondary aims, such as sponsoring free elections and the preservation of `democratic' institutions. However, frequently flawed and short-term thinking, an unwillingness to make policy commitments, and inconsistent and often inaccurate intelligence made the cost of long-term success considerably higher than necessary. The work focuses upon U. S. policy towards the 1924 Nicaraguan elections, the creation of the Guardia Nacional de Nicaragua (GNN), the 1925 Chamorro revolution, the 1926 Liberal counterrevolution, the U. S. decision to intervene in January 1927, the Stimson mission to Nicaragua, and the 1927-1933 U. S. /GNN war against the Sandinistas. With the use of documents from the U. S. State Department, U. S. Marine Corps, several U. S. intelligence agencies, and the British Foreign Office, The Headless Thompson Gunner traces the policymaking process up through the intelligence cycle, into the offices of decisionmakers, and back down to the diplomatic and military officers on the spot--along with the successes and failures of that policy.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Sandinastas