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Title: Admiral Sir John Norris and the British naval expeditions to the Baltic Sea 1715-1727.
Author: Aldridge, David Denis.
ISNI:       0000 0001 0791 9683
Awarding Body: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Current Institution: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Date of Award: 1972
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This study is an investigation, essentially from a viewpoint of naval history, of seven expeditions to the Baltic Sea carried out by squadrons of the Royal Navy under the command of Admiral Sir John Norris between 1715 and 1727. It is also an attempt to evaluate Norris both as a commander and an executor of his government's policies in these years. Two other British expeditions at this time, though not commanded by Norris, are nevertheless touched upon in the interests of continuity. The period covers the entire reign of George I, and, because the circumstances behind the despatch of each of the aquadrons are illustrative of the fashion in which, Hanoverian foreign policy first impacted upon, and then increasingly coalesced with, British foreign policy, the study necessarily has a marked bias towards the diplomatic history of the time. In this respect it has some claim to be a re-examination of British policy in northern Europe as it was exercised by James, Ist Earl Stanhope, between 1716 and 1721. After the death of Charles XII of Sweden in December 1718 the study attempts to show how there was soon an improvement, not only in Hanover's relations with Sweden, with which the Electorate had been in a formal state of war since October 1715, but also in Anglo-Swedish relations, themselves strained, though not to the point of war, by Swedish disruption of Baltic commerce and evident association with Jacobite agents. It was, in fact, due to the-ravages on British merchant shipping by Swedish privateers that the Royal Navy passed beyond the Sound of Copenhagen and into the Baltic itself in 1715, for the first time ever so far as can be determined; and the volume of British merchant traffic entering and leaving the Baltic under Norris's convoy receives due treatment.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available