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Title: Towards an integrated methodology for the development of hybrid information systems.
Author: Chen, Xin.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3538 5412
Awarding Body: University of Sunderland
Current Institution: University of Sunderland
Date of Award: 1998
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Our modern information society has produced many sophisticated requirements for the development of information systems. A new challenge is the study of hybrid information systems that combine traditional information systems with knowledge-based systems. This new generation information system is considerably more powerful than a simple extrapolation of existing system concepts. It is easy to imagine the advantages of powerful knowledge-based systems with efficient access to several large databases, and of large traditional information systems with added intelligence. Due to the complex nature of hybrid information systems, it is umealistic to expect that they can be developed using one standard method. The use of several independently developed methods has a number of drawbacks, such as inconsistency, redundancy, amount of effort required and possible loss of information. In an attempt to provide at least a partial solution to this problem. this thesis describes a new integrated methodology for developing hybrid information systems. This methodology combines the method for developing traditional information systems with the method for developing knowledge-based systems. The new methodology provides a hybrid lifecycle process model to combine the conventional waterfall process with rapid prototyping and model-based approaches. The proposed methodology integrates four eXlstmg methods using two integration approaches: intra-process and inter-process. In the requirements analysis phase. a structured method is applied to function analysis, an information modelling method is applied to data analysis, and a knowledge acquisition method is applied to knowledge analysis. An intraprocess approach is then used to integrate these techniques using consistency rules. In the design phase. the new methodology uses an inter-process approach to transform requirements analysis to object-oriented design by a transformation algorithm. Finally, an object-oriented method is applied to the design and implementation of hybrid information systems. Using the new methodology, a hybrid medical information system for dizziness (HMISD) was developed, which combines components of traditional medical information systems with components of medical expert systems. The construction and development of this software are described in detail. The system can support activities in hospitals including registration, diagnosis, investigations, drug management and clinical research. It provides assistance to hospital doctors and general practitioners. The performance of HMISD is evaluated by testing ninety three real patient cases and taking two investigations from medical staff and patients. The evaluation results show that HMISD is of good quality and that most of its users are satisfied. Three approaches are used to evaluate the proposed methodology: analysis of the development of HMISD, comparison with existing methodologies using CMD and expert evaluations. The evaluation conclusions indicate that this new integrated methodology can take advantage of the four existing methods and also remove some of the limitations of each individual method. It is applicable to the development of traditional information systems, knowledge-based systems, and large and complex hybrid information systems.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Software engineering