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Title: British policy and chartered company administration in Nigeria, 1879-1900.
Author: Flint, John Edgar.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3470 707X
Awarding Body: Royal Holloway, University of London
Current Institution: Royal Holloway, University of London
Date of Award: 1957
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By 1819 trade on the Niger was so competitive that Goldie Taubman {later Sir George Goldie) induced the traders to amalgamate, in order to achieve a monopoly. But the amalgam was soon faced with competition trom Frenoh oompanies, supported by their Government. Goldie saw the solution in obtalning political power; through treaties with the Chiefs, and by acquiring a charter. The British Government wished to prevent the Niger becoming French, but was not prepared to pay the cost. To g~ye a charter to Goldie's company provided the ideal way of fUlfilling British obligations incurred at the Berlin Conference of 1884-5, where Goldie's timely purchase of the French companies allowed Britain to appear alone on the Niger. The chartered company evaded the restrictions placed placed upon it, and used its powers to exclude competitors. The main oppOSition came from Liverpool. The Foreign Office encouraged a plan to amalgamate the rivals and extend the Charter to the Oil Rivers, but the Liverpool shipowners were irreooncilable, and the German Government forced an inquiry by Major MacDonald, who condemned the scheme. The Liverpool traders sold out their Niger assets in 1893. Thereafter the coastal Africans were left without support, and they attacked the headquarters of the Company at Akassa 1n 1895. Since 1893 Goldie had disl~ked the monopoly. He had been concerned largely with political affairs, helping to negotiate the Anglo-French Agreement of 1890 and the Anglo- German Agreement of 1893. He now, through Kirk, appointed in 1895 to investigate the Brass uprising, put forward a scheme whereby the Company ceased to trade. But Chamberlain was bent on Colonial Office rule of Nigeria, and blocked reform of the Company, which thus faced the Niger-8udan war and French encroachments on the Niger Bend without knowledge of'its future. When the West Af'rican Frontier Force was organised to face the French, the Company wa.s no longer of use to the Government. The revocation of the Charter in 1900 recognised this fact.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available