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Title: Gender wage differentials and the labour market for young workers : an empirical analysis using data for Ireland
Author: Reilly, Barry
ISNI:       0000 0001 3513 3135
Awarding Body: University of Warwick
Current Institution: University of Warwick
Date of Award: 1989
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Little empirical evidence is available on the determinants of wages at the level of the individual for Ireland and to the author’s knowledge no such evidence is available for young workers. One objective of this thesis, therefore, is an examination of the determinants of wages at the micro level using data from a national survey of young workers recently undertaken in Ireland. The effects of education, training, region, industry and occupation are assessed. More importantly, gender wage differentials are calculated for the sample under a number of alternative assumptions concerning the treatment of occupations. In the applied econometric literature relating to the estimation of both wage equations and gender wage differentials little emphasis has focused on the appropriate treatment of occupations. In view of this, an econometric objective of this thesis is an analysis of how the gender wage differential is affected by altering the econometric assumptions underlying occupations. The sensitivity of the gender wage differential to occupational endogeneity is examined in a dichotomous framework using two contrasting econometric methods. Statistical tests for occupational exogeneity are provided and their results reported. Structural occupational models are also estimated. To assess the effects of occupational segregation on the gender wage differential a five-way occupational categorisation is employed and an effort is made to disentangle inter and intra occupational wage effects. Occupations are again treated as endogenous and a consistent estimator designed to correct for selectivity bias is employed. In both the dichotomous and the polychotomous frameworks the estimated gender differentials appear sensitive to occupational endogeneity. Finally, the issue of segregation is again addressed but this time in the context of the dual labour market. An empirical dual labour market model is estimated using an endogenous switching model with partial observability in the latent dependent variable. Sectoral differentials are calculated and the results of an informal test of rationing, a basic tenet of dual labour market theory, tentatively suggest that primary sector rationing, to the extent it exists, falls disproportionately on the young females in the sample.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Economic and Social Research Council ; University of Warwick
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: HD Industries. Land use. Labor