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Title: Stalinism and empire : Soviet policy in Tuva, 1921-1953
Author: Lewis, David.
ISNI:       0000 0001 1705 6455
Awarding Body: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Current Institution: London School of Economics and Political Science (University of London)
Date of Award: 2002
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This thesis provides an investigation of the nature of Soviet rule in the early Soviet and Stalinist periods among non-Russian peoples. The research begins with a' . theoretical overview of the idea of the USSR as an empire, and provides a broad comparison of other European empires and the Soviet regime to provide a context for the historical analysis which follows. The main part of the thesis consists of an examination of the history of Tuva, a remote region in southern Siberia, inhabited by the Tuvan people, who were nomadic pastoralists closely related to the Mongols. Based on primary sources from the region and from Moscow, the research argues that the expansion of Soviet rule into Tuva bears close comparison with the nature of imperial expansion as practiced by other empires. In the 1920s - when Tuva was formally an independent state - Soviet influence relied on the presence of Russian settlers in the region, and was characteristic of colon-style colonies in other empires. The Soviet ideological urge for national equality ensured that this system was unsustainable in the long term, and a new local elite was formed from young Tuvans, which was used to overthrow more traditional leaders, and to attempt to transform much of the way of life ofTuvans. This new pro-Soviet elite and more nationalist counter-elites struggled for power in the 1930s, but more nationalist groups were dismissed from power and often executed or imprisoned in purges in the late 1930s. Despite the triumph of pro-Soviet groups in the leadership, the full implementation of Soviet policies was only achieved in the 1950s, after Tuva had been incorporated into the USSR and a mass influx of ethnic Russians had taken place. The thesis provides the first detailed, primary-source account of Tuva' s history in western literature, and is an addition to a growing body of work on non-Russian peoples of the USSR and the nature of the Soviet multiethnic policy.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: History