Use this URL to cite or link to this record in EThOS:
Title: Women writers from the Francophone and Hispanic Caribbean at the close of the twentieth century : en-gendering Caribbeanness
Author: Ferly, Odile
ISNI:       0000 0003 5601 8640
Awarding Body: University of Bristol
Current Institution: University of Bristol
Date of Award: 2002
Availability of Full Text:
Access from EThOS:
Access from Institution:
In contrast to the usual division of Caribbean literary criticism into linguistic zones, this study adopts a pan-Caribbean approach. The contention is that women's writing challenges and revises many of the major regional identity discourses, most of which do not fully account for - or, in some cases, even allow - the shaping of female identity. Each chapter therefore revolves around an aspect of collective or individual identity. Chapter one discusses female characterisation in the fiction of Gisele Pineau (Guadeloupe, 1956), Ana Luz Garcia Calzada (Cuba, 1944), Edwidge Danticat (HaitiIUS, 1969), Julia Alvarez (Dominican RepubliclUS, 1951), and Mayra Santos (Puerto Rico, 1966), showing how these authors revise the representations commonly found in the androcentric literary canons of the region and offer alternative models crucial to the elaboration of a positive sense of identity for Caribbean women. The interplay between Caribbean history and literature, and the erasure of women from Caribbean historiography and historical fiction are the issues addressed in chapter two. Here it is argued that conventional historiography does not allow for the representation of Caribbean women's participation in the nation-building process. Challenging conventional male writing, the fictional accounts offered by Pineau, Santos, Danticat, and Alvarez reinsert the female presence in the Caribbean past. Chapter three is devoted to language in Caribbean societies and literature. It assesses the significance of gender in the creolisation process, and examines how gender affects the notion of 'nation language'. Here the focus is on the linguistic practices of Santos, Pineau, Sylviane Telchid (Guadeloupe, 1941), and Garcia Calzada. Chapter four is concerned with the response of several women writers to various identity discourses. It shows how Suzanne Dracius-Pinalie (Martinique, c. 1951) and Adelaida Fernandez de Juan (Cuba, 1961), Danticat and Santos, and finally Marta Rojas (Cuba, c. 1925) and Telchid contribute to the renovation of the canon by revising, adapting or simply integrating these discourses. Chapter five explores the treatment of exile and emigration in diaspora women's writing. It evaluates the significance of this experience in terms of a redefinition of (female) Caribbeanness in relation to the work of Dracius-Pinalie, Alvarez, Danticat, and Cristina Garcia. It ends with a discussion of the implications of exile and emigration for the notions of Caribbean identity, culture and literature.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available