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Title: Financing economic growth and development in Jamaica, 1960-1992
Author: La Corbinière, Bernard F. C.
ISNI:       0000 0001 3603 4729
Awarding Body: University of Kent at Canterbury
Current Institution: University of Kent
Date of Award: 1997
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This thesis analyses the financing of economics growth and development in Jamaica during the period 1960-1992. In so doing, sources of both domestic and foreign finance are considered. Three main questions are examined. Firstly, the effects of financial liberalisation on the real economy are analysed and the predictions of financial liberalisation models evaluated. Secondly, the impact of external debt on domestic savings, investment and growth and the question of whether or not debt accumulation destabilizes the balances of payments, are considered. Thirdly, the effects of foreign capital inflows and outflows including capital flight, on the domestic economy as well as the extent to which economic growth is constrained by the balance of payments, are examined. Chapter one deals with the financial and economic performances of Jamaica between 1960 and 1992. Three sub-periods are identified: the years of steady growth from 1960 to 1972; the period of prolonged crisis between 1973 and 1980, and the years of faltering recovery, 1981-1992. The social and economic policies of the various political administrations which governed Jamaica, as well as the role of the IMF and World Bank are explored in identifying some of the root causes of Jamaica's economic situation. Chapter two examines the theory of financial liberalisation, the main hypotheses of which are tested in chapters three and four. Chapter three analyses the role of the real interest rate, the effect of reserve requirements on credit availability, and the impact of financial deepening on savings, investment and growth in Jamaica. Chapter four considers the effects of inflation on real and financial variables and the effects of government expansion on private sector access to bank resources, private investment and economic growth. The net effect of capital inflows on economic growth, taking into account capital outflows, is considered in chapter five, as is the effect of capital flows on saving and investment. Chapter six considers the question of whether long run growth is constrained by the balance of payments, and finds that Jamaica's long run growth rate is in fact that rate of growth consistent with balance of payments equilibrium on current account. The relevant theoretical and empirical literature pertaining to the various issues analysed, is briefly explored in each chapter before presenting the evidence on Jamaica. Chapter seven summarises and concludes the main findings of the thesis.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
Keywords: HB Economic Theory ; HJ Public Finance