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Title: Participation, nonparticipation & dropout in adult basic education : the Singapore experience
Author: Kumar, Prem
ISNI:       0000 0001 3602 9065
Awarding Body: University of Surrey
Current Institution: University of Surrey
Date of Award: 1994
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This study, the first of its kind in Singapore, attempted to explore and examine the reasons for participation, nonparticipation and dropout. The research is focused on two adult basic education (ABE) programmes that are offered on a national scale, viz., Basic Education for Skills Training (BEST) and Work Improvement through Secondary Education (WISE). The reasons for participation, nonparticipation and dropout were explored from the perspective of the teachers, organisations and workers, who formed the main sample population. The research was guided by the following questions: 1) What are the profiles of the BEST & WISE teachers?, 2) What are the experiences of the teachers?, 3) What are the reasons for the participants enroling in these programmes?, 4) What are the profiles of organisations participating in these programmes?, 5) What are the issues and perspectives of these organisations in relation to the BEST & WISE programmes?, 6) What are the reasons that have 'caused' the participants to cease attending classes before the end of the course term and also for not taking the BEST & WISE examinations?, 7) Why are some workers reluctant to participate in the BEST & WISE courses and also in other continuing education programmes? Againstt his backdrop,t he thesisi s organiseda s follows: Chapter 1 lays the foundation, and examines the factors which might have affected participation, nonparticipation and dropout. It presents the nature of the BEST and WISE programmes and their rationale. Definitions of ABE are examined and the context under which ABE occurs in Singapore is then explored. ABE is also discussed from an organisational context. The rationale and significance of the study, the research questions and the definitions in relation to this research are presented. In Chapter 2, a literature riew of the inquiry is undertaken. Chapter 3 discusses the philosophical basis for the research approach and analyses the methods used to collect the data (methodological triangulation was used (questionnaire surveys, interviews (semistructured/unstructured), telephone surveys) that involved all the teachers, a sample population of the organisations, participants, nonparticipants and dropouts. This chapter also discusses the ethical considerations that were taken into account, and presents an overview of the research approach through the design of a conceptual framework. The data gathered from the BEST & WISE teachers are presented in Chapter 4 which includes a heuristic model that was used in the analysis of the BEST & WISE programmes, while Chapter 5 presents it from the perspective of the participating organisations. Chapter 6 provides an analysis of the data gathered from the participants, dropouts and nonparticipants. Chapter7 concludes with a summary, the limitations of the study, the conclusions and implications considered to be of relevance and value to the collaborating organisation of this study, in particular, the Technical Institute of Education, researchers, practitioners, curriculum designers, policy makers,amongst others,and for future research.
Supervisor: Not available Sponsor: Not available
Qualification Name: Thesis (Ph.D.) Qualification Level: Doctoral
EThOS ID:  DOI: Not available
Keywords: Education & training